Adjective Agreement

Adjective Agreement: A Guide for Proper Grammar

Adjective agreement is a crucial aspect of grammar, especially in languages such as Spanish, French, and Italian. It pertains to the grammatical relationship between adjectives and the nouns they modify. In this article, we will discuss what adjective agreement means, how it works, and why it is essential to be mindful of it.

What is Adjective Agreement?

Adjective agreement involves matching the gender, number, and sometimes even case of the noun with the adjective that describes it. For example, in Spanish, if the noun is feminine, the adjective that modifies it must also be feminine. Similarly, if the noun is plural, the adjective must also be plural. This grammatical relationship helps ensure that the sentence is clear, concise, and grammatically correct.

How Does Adjective Agreement Work?

Let us take a closer look at how adjective agreement works in different languages.

In Spanish, the rule is relatively straightforward. The adjective must have the same gender and number as the noun it modifies. For example, “la casa blanca” (the white house) has “blanca” (feminine) matching the gender of “casa” (feminine). Similarly, “los zapatos rojos” (the red shoes) have “rojos” (masculine plural) matching the gender and number of “zapatos” (masculine plural).

In French, adjective agreement may depend on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, and whether it is singular or plural. For example, “le chat blanc” (the white cat) has “blanc” (masculine singular) matching the gender and number of “chat” (masculine singular). However, “la pomme verte” (the green apple) has “verte” (feminine singular) matching the gender and number of “pomme” (feminine singular).

In Italian, adjective agreement also depends on gender and number. However, the rule can be more complex than in Spanish and French. In Italian, there are four types of adjective endings that match different gender and number combinations. For example, “il gatto nero” (the black cat) has “nero” (masculine singular) matching the gender and number of “gatto” (masculine singular). However, “la casa grande” (the big house) has “grande” (feminine singular) matching the gender and number of “casa” (feminine singular).

Why is Adjective Agreement Important?

Adjective agreement is essential because it helps maintain clarity and conciseness in sentences. Proper adjective agreement ensures that the noun and the adjective that describes it agree in gender and number, which can prevent confusion, misunderstandings, and grammatical errors. Additionally, using correct grammar is crucial for conveying professionalism and credibility in written documents, especially in business and academic settings.


In conclusion, adjective agreement is a fundamental aspect of grammar that plays a critical role in sentence structure and conveying meaning. Whether in Spanish, French, Italian or any other language, understanding and implementing proper adjective agreement can help ensure clear communication and convey professionalism in written documents. Therefore, it is always crucial to double-check grammar rules and adjective agreement while writing or editing.

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